Here comes the global war

Here comes the global war. Nadchodzi globalna wojna

Autor Bogdan Góralski

1. Introduction

As is clear from my research intercontinental and regional climatic fluctuations shape the global prices of food and energy resources. I noticed that increasing the wheat harvest followed by increasing acreage in response to the increase in global wheat prices. This occurs in a repetitive cycle, which is probably related to the cycle of solar activity.
Last occurring in the period 1980-2006, fluctuations in the price of wheat fluctuated between 110-260 USD per ton and affect the size of financial flows in the international banking system. Financial flows increased in periods of increases in food prices, after which followed commodity prices.
A noticeable recently in 2014, a decline in food prices due to the large acreage and favorable weather conditions reduces commodity prices and financial flows, which can lead to depression, reducing the area of agricultural crops and consequently to the next rise in global food prices. This is likely due to the approaching climate crisis associated with the next solar activity minimum after cycle 24, which cause deterioration of climatic conditions and a large drop in food production in Asia, North Africa and Western countries.
Solving the problem of the Earth’s climate mechanism, and coupled with the world economic system requires international scientific cooperation, as well as concentrate and coordinate efforts and resources of national research institutes. In short, we need cooperation and money for research.
My idea to solve the problem of shortage of funds for extensive research is based on the establishment of an international foundation for international trade, whose profits would be entirely devoted to research important for global civilization problems. The owners and employees of the foundation would be young people from around the world. I know how the foundation organize and lead. This foundation would organize a platform of cooperation for scientists from around the world.

Scientists should convince politicians that a minimum of solar activity, which most likely will start around 2019 threaten our global civilization, global war. In the history of the last few centuries, every serious a minimum of solar activity resulted in a deterioration of climatic conditions on the planet, which were responsible for soaring food prices.
Masses of people, ignorant cosmic and global mechanisms to respond to the rising food prices rising levels of aggression, which ends with revolutions and wars. The next global war could bring destruction of our civilization, so it’s important organized international cooperation of scientists aiming to change attitudes to the threat of war politicians of all countries. Reprehensible is the insistence of world opinion-forming circles with false thesis about the threats arising from global warming. It is a kind of false ideology, which I call the new Marxism. This ideology if not overcome, will bring disaster to the world.

2. Global social and economic changes due to changes in solar activity.
As is clear from my research intercontinental and regional climatic fluctuations shape the global prices of food and energy. This is confirmed by the following chart showing the relationship of oil prices on the prices of agricultural products. Food importers, mainly oil and gas producing countries, and rise in prices of food forces them to raise prices of oil and gas to balance national budgets. Reducing food prices causes the opposite effect.

Fig. 1. The prices of agricultural products and oil. Author Thomas Chaize.

Food prices depend on climatic conditions and the economic mechanism that shapes optimum for food producers area of agricultural crops. This can be seen in the graph below showing the pulsing prices of wheat and area of crops. Any increase in wheat prices will increase in the crop area and vice versa.

Fig. No. 2. The area of the crop and the price of wheat in the world. Source: Australian Farm Insitute.

Prices of wheat and food depend mainly on climate change that enhances the yield per unit area of crops. Changes in wheat prices over the centuries shown in the following charts:

Rys. nr 3. Real prices of wheet in years 1657-2005.  Source: SG Cross Asset Research, GFD.

Rys. nr 4.  Real prices of wheet in London according to Wilhelma Abla (1935).
Autor of the graph Bogdan Góralski.

The chart below shows the impact of demand on food prices and enlargement
area of agricultural crops in the lower Normandy in the period 1397-1956.


Fig. 5. Changes in crop area in response to changes in food prices in lower Normandy on the example of the village Beaurfour and Vitotel around the city of Neubourg in France in the period 1397-1956. Author figure Bogdan Góralski.
Data series:
Color fiolet- Series 2 – the area of agricultural crops in the village Beaufour and Vitotel in lower Normandy
by. André Plaisse (1965) in hectares.
Color Blue for Series 1- real prices of wheat in London by. Wilhelm Abel (1935) in German marks.

Wheat prices grew in London (and grain markets everywhere shape similar prices) from 1544 years due to demand growing population of English (and French as well) and with them grew areas of agricultural crops (demand shapes supply). Around 1810 years there has been a turning point and the price of wheat, food began to decrease, and with them the area of agricultural crops. From what resulted of these changes?
During this period in Europe Little Ice Age lasted associated with the Maunder Minimum and Dalton Minimum-minima of solar activity.
The deterioration of climatic conditions during lows in solar activity and the accompanying decline in yields per hectare and the growing population forced a rise in prices of agricultural products, prompting producers to increase crop area.

At the same time it experienced the phenomenon of de-concentration of agricultural property in reducing the average area of agricultural property. Population bought small parcels of land to cultivate it and stay alive in the conditions of rocketing food prices. After 1820 there was a decline in wheat prices, food and pointed downward trend area of agricultural crops, as well as the Spring of Nations, the concentration of agricultural property – an increase in the average area of agricultural property, which continues to this day and has led to the creation in Western countries of large agricultural estates. In Asia, it is China recently moved away from the rural communes and now Asian agricultural system is based on a lease small plots of land cultivated by a very large population of Asian farmers.

The phenomenon of de-concentration and concentration of agricultural property is visible in the figure below illustrating the variation in time of an average area of agricultural property. Phenomena deconcentration of farm property took place in the period before the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars (Plaisse 1965: 94 Tab. No. 18), and today continues in the most overpopulated countries in the world.

The concentration of agricultural property occurs in less populated countries of the West and makes the process of ownership concentration in the entire economy. They form large estates agricultural and industrial giants, and decreases the number of medium and small businesses. Decreases production efficiency of the economy, the general public becomes poorer, and capital accumulates in the hands of a small group of people. This process leads to revolution.

Action is needed to de-concentration of ownership that will protect Western nations against revolutions. Such action is the introduction in a modern Western countries feudal agricultural production system based on the lease small plots of agricultural land. This will lead to the displacement of huge masses of the rural population of Asia, Africa, to the countries of the West, will increase global food production and lead to the de-concentration of ownership in the rest of the economy of the West, which will restore its productivity and efficiency. This will prevent the global crisis.

Fig. No. 6. Changes in the area of crops and farming structure in the lower Normandy on the example of the village Beaurfour and Vitotel around the city of Neubourg in France in the period 1397-1956.
Author figure Bogdan Góralski.

Data series:
Series 2 – Color fiolet- area of agricultural crops in the village Beaufour and Vitotel in lower Normandy
by. André Plaisse (1965) in hectares.
Series 1 Colour Blue for the average area of agricultural property in the village Beaufour and Vitotel in [ha]

According to the World Bank (http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.AGRI.ZS) total area of arable land since 2005 has declined from 38% of 0.5%.

The study (Ray at al. 2013) states:
Several studies have shown that global crop production needs to double by 2050 to meet the projected demands from rising population, diet shifts, and increasing biofuels consumption.

 

The global food supply can only be improved by increasing the areas of crops and increase yields per hectare. Reserves of farmland have only countries of Western civilization, in which there was a widespread concentration of agricultural property. The cultivated area has decreased due to a reduction in global food prices, resulting from favorable global climatic conditions last centuries. The lands of huge latifundia Western countries should be settled farmers from Asia and Africa. Asia, Africa, has a an excess of agricultural people and there are no reserves of arable land. Land which has Western civilization, the need hands to work, because they cause an increase in yields per hectare, on intensively cultivated small plots of land. Meet this challenge can only
the re-introduction of modern agricultural feudal system of Western countries.

3.Proposals.

During the Maunder Minimum occurred Thirty Years War, and during the Dalton Minimum French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars and so-called. Spring nations. Another slight decrease in solar activity, measured by the number of sunspots,
at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries it resulted in revolutions Chinese, Mexican and Russian and the First World War. This can be seen in the following figure:

Fig. 7. Changes in solar activity measured by the number of sunspots. Source Wikipedia.
Wars and revolutions resulted from the increasing aggression of the global society caused by deterioration in times of minima of solar activity, living conditions, ie. Mainly the sharp rise in food prices resulting from a small supply of food. This is illustrated in the following figure:


Fig. 8. Dependence of the frequency of wars and revolutions in Europe and changes in food prices rendered by the price of wheat. The development of Europe’s population mapped by
development of the population of England in the years 1541-1910. Author figure Bogdan Góralski.
Source of drawing (Góralski 2014: 127)
Data series:
Series 1 – Colour Blue for changes in wheat prices in London (Abel 1935: 174-175) in German marks
Series 2 – Color Pink- The population of England (Wrigley, Schofield 1981).
Series 3 – Color Yellow – changes in the birth rate in England (the ratio is calculated on the basis of births (Wrigley, Schofield 1981)).
Series 4 – Color aquamarine- frequency of wars and revolutions in Europe (Tilly 1997).

After the solar cycle 24 spots will come a reduction in solar activity, which will start around 2019, as a result of the work of American geophysicists (see page Solar Weather Prediction Center). What it end? According to geophysicist Ivanka Charvatowa, minima of solar activity are associated with disorders motion of the Sun around the center of mass of the solar system (Charvatowa 2000: 401). Currently, we are in such a period, a new minimum of solar activity (from 1985 until 2040).
Scenario depends on the honesty of scientists who adopt proven arguments, they should put pressure on politicians to prevent the catastrophe of a new world war, which draws in perspective.

Political action aimed at avoiding war described in a book entitled “Man and climate”, available in Polish on the Internet in the Repository CEON – link: https://depot.ceon.pl/handle/123456789/4855 , and in a book entitled “Mechanism The climate of the Earth and the social impacts of climate change “- link: http://jbc.bj.uj.edu.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=266462&from=&dirids=1&ver_id=&lp=4&QI=
available in Polish at the Jagiellonian Digital Library.

Warsaw, on 22-23 November 2014                      Bogdan Góralski

Literatura:

Abel Wilhelm (1935), Agrarkrisen und Agrarkonjunktur in Mitteleuropa vom 13. bis zum 19. Jahrhundert, Berlin1935.
Charvatowa Ivanka (2000), Can origin of the 2400-year cycle of solar activity be caused by solar inertial motion?, Ann. Geophysicae 18, 399±405 (2000) Ó EGS ± Springer-Verlag 2000, pobrano z internetu w 2014 roku-link: http://www.ann-geophys.net/18/399/2000/angeo-18-399-2000.pdf

Góralski Bogdan (2014), Człowiek i klimat, Repozytorium CEON- dostępna w Internecie.

Plaisse André (1965), L’évolution de la structure agraire dans la campagne du Neubourg, Mouton & Co, Paris.

Ray Deepak K. , Mueller Nathaniel D., West, Paul C., . Foley Jonathan A. (2013), Yield Trends Are Insufficient to Double Global Crop Production by 2050, Published: June 19, 2013 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0066428.

Tilly Charles (1997), The European Revolution 1492-1992, Rewolucje europejskie 1492-1992. Tworzenie Europy, tłum. Ewa Żelazna, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Krąg Oficyna Wydawnicza Volumen.

Wrigley E.A., Schofield R.S.(1981) The Population History of England 1541-1871. A reconstruction, London: Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd.

The need for philosophical synthesis of religion

The need for philosophical synthesis of religion

12. Survival technology

Nowadays, in the era of globalization, when further barriers dividing nations disappear, in order to communicate and coexist, we must develop a certain global standard of ethical norms. The lack of an effective global system of regulating the behavior of individuals and societies has become a barrier to development, a threat to the human community. Until now, people, educated from animals, have been guided by instinct, behavior patterns resulting from adaptation to life in the bosom of nature. Centuries ago, in various civilizations, germs of ethics appeared, a new way of adapting a man to the growing social environment. Ethics, the canon of the behavior of the individual cementing the society, is a reaction of the living populations of organisms to the threat of the natural and social environment. The threat from the environment must be removed and this triggers adaptation mechanisms in the endangered society. One of these mechanisms is the gathering of knowledge about the environment and cooperation in its use to develop survival technology.

What is survival technology?

Technology is a way to achieve the assumed goal conditioned by the state of knowledge and social efficiency (Lem 1974: 32-33).

Our goal is to survive the oncoming climate crisis, which is the most important and inevitable threat for us, which is why we need to gain knowledge and social skills. What does it mean to gain knowledge – we understand, but what does it mean to be socially fit?

A socially-minded society must cooperate in order not to waste energy (energy) and to effectively achieve the purpose of survival. It is a society with a high ability to cooperate, an ethical society. Therefore, social efficiency is based on social bonds. It is based on an ethics that saves social energy in achieving the goal of survival. The ethics of society is a function of its knowledge accumulated in response to a threat. Static society, not counteracting crises, is exposed to revolutions. Each revolution looks the same – the rebellion of citizens against deteriorating living conditions. You must find a guilty crisis situation – a victim of aggression – they have always been the richest because the best-educated social elite.

Each time the extermination of the elites caused dark ages in the life of the community. The conclusion is that contemporary elites should create mechanisms for educating and enriching the poor masses to prevent anticipated crises.

Our Modern Survival Technology will determine the use of all of our civilization’s output and it will probably look like this:

1. mechanisms that provide everyone with the opportunity to acquire knowledge and wealth,

2. organizing peaceful migration of nations from overcrowded lands,

3. developing a uniform ethical system.

We see that we need to develop knowledge about social mechanisms and mass means of transport to develop a policy of implementing the first two demands. However, without a uniform ethics, ensuring consistent cooperation of the global community, we will do nothing. A unified ethical system must be created for the whole world community, based on the universal principle of saving all energy, which will enable close international cooperation.

Global climate change has always caused social conflicts and mass migrations. They can only be prevented by the consistent implementation of modern survival technology, expressed in the equation:

KNOWLEDGE + ETHICS = ENERGY = LIFE

Applying knowledge and ethics will give effectiveness (energy) to our global activities. The limits of knowledge are wisdom, and the boundary of ethics is love. May clever love between people provide us with the highest effectiveness in overcoming the oncoming climate crisis. This will ensure a peaceful life for future generations.

Climate warming is currently under way, which causes aggression in Asia and Africa to grow due to the decline in agricultural production and deteriorating living conditions. Migration from these continents to the USA and Europe is growing. At the same time, in the G-8 countries there is the phenomenon of agricultural overproduction with a decrease in the size of the population. All this together causes the financial and economic crisis. The logic of history allows us to expect the emergence of an outstanding figure, the creator of a new order and a universal ethical system that unites humanity on the way out of the crisis. This leader will have to apply the message of Jesus Christ, who said: “Share bread for my remembrance” (Luke 22:19), because this is the love of your neighbor. If the warming continues, it will worsen the situation in the equatorial countries. There will be a wave of migration to food-rich countries. If cooling comes, it will bring a disaster for the civilization of the white man, a decline in the volume of agricultural production and a sharp global rise in food prices. In such an event the world will not survive and the situation will start to destabilize. We can not allow this.

The fruit of my thoughts is the theory that universal ethics have a physical dimension. The ability of individuals and societies to save all forms of energy, including social energy, is a measure of ethics. An effective ethical system makes the society more efficient and more dynamic. The ethical person is the man who lives at the expense of using the least amount of energy. Ethics is the art of saving energy.
The social environment arose as a form of defense against an unfavorable natural environment. The emergence of ethical systems regulating the behavior of individuals in the social environment is therefore an adjustment mechanism to the surrounding environment. The lack of an effective ethical system is therefore a sign of lack of adaptation to the environment. In other words, ethical standards needed for man are the result of reactions to the surrounding natural environment. The world we live in constantly improves us, makes us more ethical. Better people create a more and more perfect human world. Our world is developing. So probably the goal of the world is development.

Ethics is the result of the evolution of the collective consciousness of people reacting to threats coming from the surrounding environment. Probably ethics, as our limitation to the social environment, will replace the less and less needed primary instincts that in the earlier stages of evolution determined our reactions to nature. The global development of a unified ethical system will remove the development barriers facing mankind and will affect the development of civilization. The growing Internet, removing barriers to access to knowledge, is a new form of collective consciousness of humanity. It is a new environment in which we learn to live. Probably in this new online environment that brings people closer, new, unified ethics will be created. Unified ethics will enable peaceful cooperation of the world community and use, thanks to the Internet, all knowledge accumulated by humanity. Skillfully used knowledge will discover new sources of energy which will open amazing perspectives to people. It will probably enable our consciousness to grow into the limits of the world. The boundaries of this world will be determined by the resources of available energy. Until we can ignite the stars and create a new world.

The need for philosophical synthesis of religion

Ram Mohan Roy- “One of the important features of Roy’s worldview was also his religious universalism. It has already been mentioned above that Roy had a research workshop that enabled him to undertake real comparative research in religious studies. He knew the Koran, the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, the Vedas and Upanishads, and came to the conclusion that the core of these religious systems is identical – the only God in the spiritual form, the immortality of the soul, ethical discipline as the basis of spiritual life. The differences are of a secondary nature, they result simply from different traditions of particular religious groups “(Justyński 1985: 42).

This is what the Buddhist Daisaku Ikeda says about the need for a new religion:

“I am convinced that only the new religion will be able to take on leadership in a civilization that will combine science and philosophy on a higher plane. However, the religion we need will have to inspire the scientific and philosophical spirit of humanity and will have to face the needs of a new age. It must be a religion that can transcend the differences between East and West and – binding all of humanity into one body – to save the West from its current crisis, and the East from its current difficulties. The discovery of this kind of religion is the most important task facing mankind today “(Toynbee, Ikeda 1999: 321).

“Earth is our only home. According to the current state of scientific knowledge, this may be the only planet on which life was created. The view that made the biggest impression on me was the first picture of the Earth seen from space. The image of a blue globe floating in an unlimited space, shining like a full moon against the backdrop of a clear night sky, made me realize with great force that we are in fact one family living in a small house. I clearly felt how ridiculous are all these differences of views and disputes in our human family. I have noticed the nonsense of persistent insistence on what divides us. From this cosmic perspective one can see the fragility and sensitivity of our planet circling in a limited orbit, squeezed between Venus and Mars in an infinite vastness of space. If we do not care about our home, what else makes sense? (Dalai Lama 2006: 160).

Religion as such is a system that embraces all races and all denominations, it is a path leading everyone to brotherhood. Regardless of how believers embody their faith, they generally recognize values such as love, respect, tolerance, forgiveness, mercy, human rights, peace, brotherhood and freedom, proclaimed by religion. Most of these values have found their wonderful expression in the messages of Moses, Jesus and Muhammad as well as in the teachings of Buddha and Zoroaster, Lao-tsa, Confucius and Hindu thinkers.

The above text was written by the eminent Turkish thinker Fetullah Gulen in “The Need for Interreligious Dialogue” – this text is available on the website about the link:

http://en.fgulen.com/content/view/6/13/.

Organized religions, if they are to survive – they must accept the view that revelation is not the ultimate and given thing, but from the will of God the truth must be obtained evolutionarily step by step. Our mind is subject to constant development through knowledge. (…) Teilhard (Father Teilhard de Chardin *) – whose actions were not recognized by his religious superiors or the Roman curia – showed that Christianity can not only incorporate into its system all the achievements of modern science, but also for a philosophical-religious synthesis that secular philosophy does not provide (Mieroszewski 1999: 25).

Warsazwa, 9 December 2017, 4:20 Bogdan Góralski

Sex ratio and wars and revolutions

V.4.52. Sex ratio – masculinity factor and social moods in Poland.

In the following article I will present theses that require further study of sociologists, biologists and historians, as well as demographers. Perhaps we will be able, thanks to the knowledge gained, to streamline our political actions, which will avoid future revolutions and wars. My yesterday talk with colleagues in the work of Krystyna Kasztelewicz and Ewa Szutkowska, who stated that in her preschool group her son Antka dominated the boys, gave me an idea for the article. Many years ago I listened to a radio program about the sexual research of children in African tribes. The show showed that well-nourished mothers were more likely to give birth to boys. Ewa Szutkowska stated that male fetuses are weaker than girls and more often die during early pregnancy. It would appear from this that male fetuses need better maternal living conditions to survive. It would then be ascertained whether girls are born during periods of malnutrition of mothers and as fetuses stronger they are more likely to live to be born and dominate in the populations of undernourished societies?

I confirmed this observation in the work of the Polish sociologist Piotr Szukalski ” The birth of boys and girls” link: http://dspace.uni.lodz.pl:8080/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11089/5325/2014-08%20Sex%20ratio.pdf?sequence=1

The sex ratio projection in Poland, over several decades, from pre-war Poland to the present, indicated the strong predominance of boys in pre-war Poland (indicating better feeding of mothers), during the PRL period the constant coefficient of masculinity was decreasing, indicating An increasingly poor nutrition of Polish mothers, and finally, a growing masculinity index, which shows a better feeding of Polish society and Polish mothers. Conclusions from the observations of the above graph confirm the results of my research proving that the 1970s climate crisis and the world food price increase have affected the revolutionary attitude of undernourished Polish society. Failure to meet the basic obligation of the Polish People’s Republic, which is agricultural policy conducive to proper nutrition of society, including excessive and unprofitable export of food to the Soviet Union, caused social protests and the revolution of Solidarity.

Analysis of the shaping of the masculinisation coefficient-sex ratio and other demographic indicators and the food situation of societies may provide conclusions about the possible course of social moods, which have so far surprised politicians. Carrying out research on these issues can help keep the peace of all societies and global peace. The war mechanism described in my book Natural History and Climate Change shows that wars erupt after the initial period of good food in societies in which a population with a strong predominance of young men is growing, followed by a climate crisis and a rise in food prices bringing increased levels of social aggression. Unfulfilled reproductive ambitions and sexual stress associated with the crisis, and the difficulty of finding partners, causes aggressive attitudes among young men in favor of politicians calling for war. Hence, it is only a step to the aggressive behavior of entire states.

The precondition for good food has been in the 80s since the 1980s and probably the masculinity ratios of most countries have probably increased. The climate crisis that I forecast in the near future will affect global pro-war attitudes.

Will they be prevented?

Warsaw, January 6, 2016, at 12:21 Bogdan Góralski

Causes of the fall of the Western Roman Empire

Causes of the fall of the Western Roman Empire

Author Bogdan Góralski

Library of the Historical Institute of Warsaw University

Between the birth of Christ and the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the earth’s coating shifted in relation to the ecliptic of 7000 km across the earth’s surface. There was then the seeming change in the location of the northern magnetic pole, whose movements were determined by research by:

Gullaume St-Onge and Joseph S. Stoner, Paleomagnetism near North Magnetic Field,

M. Korte and M. Mandea, Magnetic poles and dipole tilt variation over the past decades to millennia.

From the above studies it appears that the north magnetic pole has apparently moved about 7 degrees latitude (about 7,000 km) from Siberia (Lena mouth) northwest to Greenland (around the land of Francis Joseph). Associated with this seeming shift of the nort magnetic pole take place the rotation of the earth’s coating (Góralski 2017 A, B) caused that the Asian territories occupied by the Mongol tribes were in a more dry climatic zone. This led to the drought in which extincted the herds of animals owned by the Mongolian tribes. This led to migration of the Mongolian tribes towards the west and in the IV-V century they reached Europe as Huns.

At the same time, with the shifting of the earth’s coating to the south, northwestern Europe found in the period 0-400 AD in the warmer climates (like Palestine and southern Europe, where drought then caused the food crisis). This resulted in an increase in the population of the Germanic tribes and the increase in their importance in the society and the army of Rome. Then, during the period 400-500 AD, the reverse movement of the earth’s coating caused Western Europe to find itself in a colder climatic zone. This caused crop failure and hunger in the Germanic land. This resulted in their mass migration southward to the lands of the Western Roman Empire. The emergence of Huns in Europe accelerated the migration of the Germanic tribes into Rome. The Huns’ invasion of central and western Europe and the invasion of the German tribes into southern Europe caused the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

Warsaw, 18 November 2017, 18:00 Bogdan Góralski

Literature:

Góralski B, (2017A), Scheme of the climate mechanism of the Earth, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319136696_Scheme_of_the_climate_mechanism_of_the_Earth

Góralski B, (2017B), New theory of tectonic plates movement of the lithosphere of the Earth, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321010569_New_theory_of_tectonic_plates_movement_of_the_lithosphere_of_the_Earth

Conflict of systems-remarks on the reasons for global crisis

Conflict of systems-remarks on the reasons for global crisis

Acceptance in Polish culture the foreign patterns characterized Sarmatian curiosity of world. The Poles have produced a kind of culture in their geographical environment, which is adapted to the realities of our lives. Sarmatian openness to foreign cultures arising in different environments is long-standing trends in the globalization of culture of Polish society wishing to expand knowledge about the world’s culture resources. The traditions brought to Poland bring a different view on the world, which in the modern age changeing dramatically fast. Rapidly increased the population of European countries. This resulted in migration an excess of population to other continents.

A growing number of people in cities has enabled rapid development of productivity of townspeople-burgeois to meet the needs of feudal provinces. This resulted in a conflict of feudalism and capitalism.

In the feudal aristocratic society a social position depended on the number of subjects that providing taxes.

The greater the number of subjects was leasing the land the greater the wealth of lord. Therefore higher productivity of arable land resulted to the higher profits were an aristocrat. It was a system supporting population growth and increase production of agriculture. It was a system of socially distinguished.

Under capitalism the social position the townspeople-the burgeois depended on the accumulated capital. Profit at the time was increaseing when the productivity raise by reducing employment and associated costs.

These two production systems were linked in one organism feudalist state.

The crisis of an European feudalist states in the eighteenth and nineteenth century was due to climate shocks and a steep rise in food prices and rapid population growth. The political opposition accused the aristocratic elite as responsible for the downturn and has allowed to come to power bourgeois- middle classes. No account of the role of climatic factors in the causes of the agricultural crisis has resulted in rejection of the feudal system as optimal for the state of predominantly agricultural economy.

There has been a enfranchisement of the peasants and deconcentration of agricultural property. New political elite have begun to introduce the principle of profit in the cultivation of land.

This resulted in a tendency to reduce employment in agriculture and resulted in rise the share of agricultural machinery . This caused a further strengthening of the capitalists and industries associated with them producing for agriculture. The effect was to reduce the number of farmers still the basis for society. It was resulted in a growth of population in cities. Masses of people migrating from rural areas were employed in industry. The capitalist system of land cultivation and climate change have contributed to the concentration of land ownership and a further reduction in the number of people employed in agriculture.

Today in agriculture of U.S. and european industrialized countries runs about 2-3% of the number of employees which translates into a demographic and demanding crisis. Countryside does not reproduce population like they used to be and shrinking population of the city suffer from a lack of demand from rural areas. Production, fleeing from rising costs from of vanishing demand, moves to a populous Asia, where there is full of cheap labor. US and Europe have been depopulated –lack of well educated immigrants and there is no excess demand for food produced here. Expensive means of transport and complex distribution system block in the demand of food buyers in poor countries in the tropics where drought reduced the prevailing modern food production. These countries are majority of oil producers and to cover the rising costs of food imports need to increase in oil prices. This leads in turn to increased agricultural production costs causing spiral of inflation.

This closed circle has no choice but to restore the feudal system of agriculture in the U.S. and Europe based on a lease of land which would increase the village population, the increase in agricultural production, increased demand in rural areas and lower food prices which protect us against the coming cool climate. Farmers must be imported from the overcrowded African and Asian countries.

These changes begin in Poland, in a country where agriculture is the most destroyed centuries of conquest and senseless policy of the Communists. The problem arises of what to do with increasing production as a result of these changes in agricultural production?

Put the surplus of agricultural production to the starving countries and develop production of distributed energy. Biogas production is the most promising prospective branch of energy production that will ensure the absorption of surplus agricultural production providing adequate incomes for farmers. This will improve the economies and demographics of industrialized societies and will remove their development barriers. This will allow the extinguishing of the current global financial and economic crisis and the harmonious development of our civilization in the future world.

Warsaw, 23th of October 2011       Bogdan Góralski

 

Short story of religious systems versus climate changes

Short story of religious systems versus climate changes
Author Bogdan Góralski

Rys. nr 34. Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Poland in the years 750 BC to 2000AD. Earth’s gravitational-seismic-climatic-social cycle

The gravitational-seismic-climatic-social cycle presented in Fig. 34 describes the development phases of our civilization over the centuries. All great leaders and ethicians appeared in a similar phase of the material cycle (Asian ethics appeared in the reverse phase, which is explainable and in line with my theory as a result of climatic inversion between West and East Eurasia), which was the result of subsequent climate crises defined by cyclical changes geometry of the solar system.
Each cycle had a similar scenario of natural and social events and a similar ethical-ideological system each time expanding the social base of the revolution. The crisis of the material world, which began to grow, according to the logic of history in the 21st century, will also emerge a new, universal ethical system – new ideas that will probably include the entire global community.

The first known ethical system originated in Egypt and was recorded in the 42 commandments of the goddess Maat. It was an expression of the development of the social system of a prosperous state in the rhythm of the Nile’s outbreaks. A derivative of Egyptian ethics was the ethical system of Moses, educated in Egypt. Asian ethicists appeared at the end of the period of overpopulation and global warming and drying because the numerical growth of Asian societies was rapid during the period of good hydration of Asia and led to a socio-economic crisis resulting from overpopulation. Asian societies have reached a critical population density forcing a new ethical system to regulate social relations. In the sixth century BC is the peak of China’s power. The beginnings of building the Chinese wall for defense against Mongol invasions, significant territorial development in the north and south, population growth to 25 million, are examples of this power.

Great Greek colonization in the period of VIII-VI centuries BC It proves that during this period in Greece, and in the equatorial world, environmental conditions conducive to population growth prevailed. These data allow us to suppose that in the eighth-seventh century BC. the population of the equatorial world is increasing. After a period of population growth, the climate is drastically dry (a decrease in the number of earthquakes in the 7 th century BC, see Fig. No. 34) causing overpopulation and conflicts. This results in the almost simultaneous emergence of Buddha’s ethical systems, Lao Tsego, Confucius, which prevent the emergence of social conflicts in the overpopulated India and China.

The phase of earthquake growth in the period 200 years before Christ is accompanied by a large amount of rainfall. This is confirmed by research (Lamb 1977: 426-427 graphs 17.1 and 17.2) of Nile floods, as well as floods and wet years in Rome. These studies indicate a strong humidification of the climate of Africa in the region of Egypt and the climate of Italy at that time. It promotes the growth of agricultural production and the resulting good supply of food to the population. During the reign of Herod the Great (73-4 BC), Palestine’s prosperous economic development continues, as evidenced by the development of cities and the richness of the ruler. This is an indication of a large population (Theissen 2004: 60). The abundance of food is conducive to population growth in well-watered areas. After the period of growth of the Palestinian population, there is a rapid global warming and drying of the climate from the 0-10 AD (Bao et al 2002, Kobashi et al.2011, Lamb 1977: 426-427), which reduced agricultural production and food supply , causing overpopulation of Palestine.

The rapid socio-economic crisis resulting from drought (Lamb 1977: 426-427 graphs 17.1 and 17.2) caused frustrations of the population (especially rural), which was looking for a way out of the crisis. The socially rooted groups tested various ways out of the crisis. The starving rural masses needed a plan of action to alleviate the supply problems common at that time. Many leaders appear, among them Jesus Christ, who has a plan of anti-crisis action. He creates his own communes (Acts of the Apostles describe several thousand people (Bible 1998: Acts 2:41, 4,4)) acting like communes. In order to join them, you must give all your possessions. Municipalities, efficiently managing the riches offered, constituted protection against hunger and lawlessness prevailing then in Palestine. There were numerous gangs of brigands at that time. Many farmers were hopelessly in debt (Johnson 1993: 146). Christ feeding the masses of the poor becomes a threatening leader of the crowds. His economic and social program is radical and unacceptable to the then Judei- Romans and pro-Roman elites. Christ, the leader of a peaceful peasant movement, was killed and further Jewish protests against Roman oppression did not have a charismatic leader.

In the first century BC until the 1st century AD there was a strong density of farms in Judea and Samaria. This testifies to the climatic conditions conducive to the shredding of farms – good hydration during the first century BC. The violent drought at the beginning of the first century AD caused the collapse of these small farms and the crisis situation. The uprising in Palestine in the years 66-74 is a social rebellion against the rich. Rebellion began with the burning of the Rome tax registration offices in Jerusalem (Sartre 1991: 403). The cataclysm of Jewish uprisings revealed ongoing overpopulation, and their consequence was the destruction of the country. There was a mass migration of Jews.

Since the beginning of the 7th century AD, there has been a strong global warming – signaled by a drop in the number of earthquakes, which in turn caused the transfer of civilization centers from the Middle East to, among others, colder Europe and Mesopotamia. Warming and drought caused regression in the development of equatorial populations. Overpopulation occurred on the Arabian Peninsula before the victory of Muhammad. The population growth probably took place in the fourth, fifth and sixth centuries AD during cooling and increased climate irrigation, parallel to the decline of the Western Roman Empire, to which barbarian tribes from northern, overpopulated regions migrated (barbarian populations in the north probably increased in the II and III centuries) because of unfavorable weather conditions. Under the pressure of this great barbaric exodus to the south, the western Roman Empire collapsed. At the time of the economic crisis of the Western Roman Empire, was the triumph of the socially and economically well-organised Christian communities was celebrated, which led to the success of Christianity and the consolidation of their power. The Eastern Roman Empire prospered in the meantime.

The escalation of aggression and fratricidal struggle on the Arabian peninsula prompted Muhammad to reflect on the causes of this state of affairs. Muhammad rejected the social order proposed by the old elite, introduced a new religious community- the umma, the obligation of alms – the redistribution of goods to the poor. Fighting with other leaders, he united all Arab tribes. He broke with the family system. However, his economic program could not remedy the overpopulation (Hrbek, Petráček 1971: 139-140), which is why later the war expansion of the Arabs took place. It was possible because in the seventh century the power of the Roman Empire decreased, and the strength of Arabs united by the ethical system created by Muhammad increased. Warming and drought since the 7th century caused regression in the development of equatorial populations and their displacement towards the north, while societies in the northern hemisphere began to civilize develop in warm climate.

In favorable conditions of the warm climate (the third so-called subatlantic period(Samsonowicz 1990: 8)) there was a dynamic development of European civilization, development of the state organization of Germanic and Slavic tribes.

The population of Europe grew from 1700, but bad weather and population growth in the 17th and 18th centuries worsened the situation of England and France. England, however, had a security vent in the form of emigration to the colony. The feeding of French society has deteriorated since 1700 (Livi-Bacci 1991: 82). The French saved themselves from hunger by establishing several hundred thousand small farms (Taine 1881: 337). Before the French Revolution there was a significant cooling of the climate (Bradley, Jones 1993), which brought France high prices of food (Góralski 2012: 28), famine and the outbreak of the revolution. The revolution lasted, and the problems of overpopulation did not pass because of the further cooling of the climate. Another revolutionary leader, Napoleon, led the French to conquer Europe, which solved the problem of the surplus of single men who had no conditions in France to establish a family in those days.

Since 1815, the climate has warmed and dried, which means that the population of Europe grew in the 19th century from 203 to 408 million and in 1950 to 547 million. There has been a huge increase in the German and Russian population. Russia and Germany at the beginning of the 20th century were heavily overcrowded and this led to the catastrophic development of totalitarian systems centralizing communities around new leaders. Overpopulation, masculinization of the population, high prices of food caused by the cooling of the climate in the early twentieth century (Góralski 2012: 8) and the inability to resolve peacefully food and economic problems caused the First World War, the Russian Revolution and the war expansion of communist Russia directed to Western Europe in 1920 ( Góralski 2012). World War II was a consequence of the First World War and the conditions of the Versailles Treaty and the short cooling of the climate. The high price of food in China at the beginning of the 20th century caused the Chinese revolution, which later used Marxism caused the collapse of the importance of landowners who had previously taken over most of the arable land.

From 1960 to 1990, during the short-term cooling and moistening of the climate (see Figure 30), the population of Africa grew from 282 to 637 million, and the Chinese population grew rapidly from 583 million in 1953 to 1008 million in 1982. At that time, In the northern hemisphere there have been economic difficulties as a result of cooling and dropping agricultural production, which led, among others, to to the collapse of the Soviet empire and almost revolution in China (Gang 2001: 37-38, Gawlikowski 2001: 388). The revolution in China broke out because of the huge population growth and food price rises, and it consisted in resolving peasant communes and assigning land to individual families. This has resulted in a huge increase in agricultural production and China’s current self-sufficiency in nutrition.

Fig. No. 35. World seismic activity characterized by earthquakes magnitude M = 7 and higher in the years 1900-2005 (five-year periods). Source (Góralski 2009). (author of the drawing Bogdan Góralski)
Chart Fig. 35 confirms the occurrence of cooling in the 60-90.XX century because it is accompanied by an increase in the number of significant earthquakes.

Currently, the warming continues (the number of earthquakes has decreased), which causes aggression in Asia and Africa to grow, aggression due to the decline in per capita agricultural production in young male populations (with a predominance of male individuals) and deteriorating living conditions resulting from the increase in global food prices. Migration from these continents to the USA and Europe is growing. At the same time, in the G-8 countries there is the phenomenon of agricultural overproduction with a decrease in the size of the population. For this overproduction there is no profitable sale due to the misery of the rest global population. All this together causes the financial and economic crisis. The logic of history allows us to expect the emergence of an outstanding figure, the creator of a new order and a universal ethical system that will unite humanity on the way out of the crisis. This leader will have to apply the message of Jesus Christ, who said: “Share bread for my remembrance” (Bible 1998: Luke 22:19) and love your enemies, because this is the love of your neighbor.

If the warming continues, it will worsen the situation in the equatorial countries. There will be a wave of migration to food-rich countries (in 2011 there was a wave of riots and revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East caused by food prices resulting from the cooling of global climate in 2010: see: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/ graphs_v3 / Fig.C.gif). If cooling comes, it will bring disaster (reduction of food production) for the civilization of the white man, migration from the G-8 (or revolutions?) And a sharp further increase in population in the equatorial countries. In such an event the world will not survive and the situation will start to destabilize. We can not allow this.

Warsaw, 2009, Translated into English 29 January 2018 Bogdan Góralski

Mechanism of global changes in food prices

Bogdan Góralski

Library of Historical Instytut of University of Warsaw

1.The Sun sets food prices

Sources of Data:

FAO Food price indices. Link:

http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/worldfood/Reports_and_docs/Food_price_indices_data.xls

Yearly mean total sunspot number. WDC-SILSO, Royal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels

link: http://sidc.be/silso/DATA/monthssn.dat

Fog.1 Negative correlation Total Sunspot Number (blue color left scale) with changes in the index of food prices by FAO (red color right scale)

Author of the figure Bogdan Góralski, made on 23 August 2017, 7:00

The chart above shows the change in magnetic activity Sun – Total sunspot number (blue color), a negative correlation with changes in the index of food prices by FAO. Since 1999, the index of food prices rising, especially in periods of declining activity magnetic of the Sun – decreasing values of Total Sunspot Number. In the period 2019-2040 will age decrease in the magnetic activity of the Sun and with it will increase global food prices. Increase the level of oil and gas prices, and inflation will rise which will lead to a global and very rapid economic and political crisis. I warn against this crisis for many years, but somehow not visible.

See the following articles:

  1. Pustilnik, L. A. & Yom Din, G. Influence of solar activity on state of wheat market in medieval England. Preprint, http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/astro-ph/0312244, (2003).

http://www.nature.com/news/2003/031222/full/news031215-12.html

En Excerpt from this work:

At the point in the solar cycle when sunspots were least likely, wheat prices tended to be high, report Lev Pustilnik of Tel Aviv University and Gregory Yom Din of the Golan Research Institute in Kazrin1.

2. The area of cultivated land changes

Fig.2 World crop areas and wheet prices

Fig.3. Hemispheric temperature change

Source of image: https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/graphs/

Date of download 13 August 2017,4:45 Jakuszowice, Poland

What we can see on above picture is higher temperature in Northern Hemisphere NH versus Southern Hemisphere SH in period around 1914-1956 and 1997-2017. It can be explained by shift of Earth’s coating over liquid Earth’s core. Meteorological stations located all around the globe have moved to the ecliptic that way, so on the northern hemisphere is more of solar irradiance versus southern hemisphere, and higher temperatures in NH are being noted, and SH is cooling.

3. Mechanism of changes in global food prices

Behind the changes in the location of the earth’s coating goes the changes in the distribution of precipitation zones in the north-south direction during the reverse movement of the coating from north to south and vice versa.

Food surpluses produced in the white man civilization countries where there is a great concentration of agricultural property and a reduction in the farmer population. If these countries move along with the earth’s coating into areas of unfavorable rainfall, food production is reduced. Reduced production occurs both in drought and excessive rainfall. Reducing food production results in a global increase in market prices, which in turn increases the area of agricultural crops (Fig.2) , resulting in an increase in food production and lowering prices.

When the earth’s coating again moves back, there is a global improvement in the weather conditions in countries of western civilization, an increase in output per hectare, and an excess of food causing a decline in its price. And so in the circle. Food prices are affected by transport prices. In periods of decline in production in countries with no surplus food, there is an increase in the transport of food from countries with surpluses of food. This results in a significant increase in freight rates, which increases the price of food shipped. So, the drop in food production among the major food consumers in Asia is likely to increase freight rates, ie the BDI Baltic Dry Index?

Since about 1997 the northern hemisphere has begun to warm up, with respect to the southern hemisphere (see Fig. 3), and at the same time, the world food prices have risen sharply (Figure 1). Also during this period the total amount of precipitation in the USA and India decreased and the speed of rotation of the Earth increased (see link https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318838360_How_to_predict_the_rainfall_in_India_and_USA) and decreased magnetic activity of the Sun (Fig.1). The gravitational forces around the Earth have increased and the earth’s coating has shifted (see “Why Earth’s Coatings Rotate Around the Liquid Core of the Earth?” Link – https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319179377_Why_Earth%27s_coating_rotates_around_the_liquid_core_of_the_Earth) that on the northern hemisphere is more the sunny and US and India shifted up to the zone smaller rainfall.

There is likely to have been a decrease in the volume of food production in the US and India and other countries on the same latitude and rise in world food prices. The upcoming decrease in magnetic activity of the sun will likely again result in similar physical effects around the Earth, and on the Earth, and food prices will again begin to rise sharply. I ask the question: What is more effective? Do you transport food endlessly to countries that need it? Would not to be better to carry a surplus of population from overpopulated countries to countries with surplus agricultural land? In my opinion, this will safeguard us from the adverse effects of climate change. Further research is needed!!!

Jakuszowice, dnia 25 August 2017, 13:13 Bogdan Góralski

We are in the alley of our history

Bogdan Góralski

bogdangoralski@wp.pl

I am only a librarian in the Library of the Historical Institute of the University of Warsaw, but my readings in historical literature and broad general knowledge allow me to speak about the secrets of the historical process. We are biological organisms and the variability of the natural environment determines our behavior. Revolutions occurring in different parts of our world are caused by regional climate changes, which I describe in my work on climate. Revolutions are always caused by a regional, sometimes global, food shortage that is causing contestation over the existing social order. Groups of contestants come from the persecuted before the revolution of the social strata and as a result of the revolution often overthrow the dominant elites and take over power. Often there is a radical social revolution such as during the French Revolution. The feudal elite was abolished and a new economic and social order was introduced. It consisted in deconcentration of feudal agricultural property and the creation of hundreds of thousands (or perhaps millions) of peasant farms in its place.

The French Revolution was triggered by a climate crisis and food shortages, whose prices skyrocketed before the revolution. The decentralization of feudal agricultural property in France caused mainly by the rise in food prices began the process of enfranchisement of the peasants, which continued in the rest of the continent and reached Russia. Car announced the enfranchisement of Russian peasants, which also included Polish peasants. Poland was under partition and had to execute the orders of the occupying forces, but the Polish nobility were largely opposed to enfranchisement (emancipation of peasants), arguing with the peasant ignorance. Unfortunately, the enfranchisement has become a fact that still casts on history not only in Poland. Peasants gained land for their property but inexorable market processes and cheap food since the French Revolution have led to a re-concentration of agricultural property throughout the western world, and in place of tens of millions of peasant farms large agricultural property have emerged.

In the next few years, we expect another sharp rise in food prices, which will cause worldwide protests. The only advice is to bring about a re-decentralization of Western agricultural lands and to double the world’s food production. The problem is where to get enough farmers for such an operation. Farmers can only be obtained from the feudal countries of Asia and from Africa. This action can only succeed with the reintroduction of the feudal system in Western farming, the same farming system that was rejected by the French Revolution. So I propose to return to the old days, which only historians know. Ancient ancient powers, Rome and Byzantium, knew of the dangers of concentration and deconcentration in farming. Turkey, the heir of Byzantium, has currently the optimum system of farming and we must rely on it. Let’s go back to the past and upgrade it to the achievements of the last 300 years.

Warsaw, 12 September 2017 roku, godzina 17:30 Bogdan Góralski

 

Survival technology

12. Survival technology

Nowadays, in the era of globalization, when further barriers dividing nations disappear, in order to communicate and coexist, we must develop a certain global standard of ethical norms. The lack of an effective global system of regulating the behavior of individuals and societies has become a barrier to development, a threat to the human community. Until now, people, educated from animals, have been guided by instinct, behavior patterns resulting from adaptation to life in the bosom of nature. Centuries ago, in various civilizations, germs of ethics appeared, a new way of adapting a man to the growing social environment. Ethics, the canon of the behavior of the individual cementing the society, is a reaction of the living populations of organisms to the threat of the natural and social environment. The threat from the environment must be removed and this triggers adaptation mechanisms in the endangered society. One of these mechanisms is the gathering of knowledge about the environment and cooperation in its use to develop survival technology.

What is survival technology?

Technology is a way to achieve the assumed goal conditioned by the state of knowledge and social efficiency (Lem 1974: 32-33).

Our goal is to survive the oncoming climate crisis, which is the most important and inevitable threat for us, which is why we need to gain knowledge and social skills. What does it mean to gain knowledge – we understand, but what does it mean to be socially fit?

A socially-minded society must cooperate in order not to waste energy (energy) and to effectively achieve the purpose of survival. It is a society with a high ability to cooperate, an ethical society. Therefore, social efficiency is based on social bonds. It is based on an ethics that saves social energy in achieving the goal of survival. The ethics of society is a function of its knowledge accumulated in response to a threat. Static society, not counteracting crises, is exposed to revolutions. Each revolution looks the same – the rebellion of citizens against deteriorating living conditions. You must find a guilty crisis situation – a victim of aggression – they have always been the richest because the best-educated social elite.

Each time the extermination of the elites caused dark ages in the life of the community. The conclusion is that contemporary elites should create mechanisms for educating and enriching the poor masses to prevent anticipated crises.

Our Modern Survival Technology will determine the use of all of our civilization’s output and it will probably look like this:

1. mechanisms that provide everyone with the opportunity to acquire knowledge and wealth,

2. organizing peaceful migration of nations from overcrowded lands,

3. developing a uniform ethical system.

We see that we need to develop knowledge about social mechanisms and mass means of transport to develop a policy of implementing the first two demands. However, without a uniform ethics, ensuring consistent cooperation of the global community, we will do nothing. A unified ethical system must be created for the whole world community, based on the universal principle of saving all energy, which will enable close international cooperation.

Global climate change has always caused social conflicts and mass migrations. They can only be prevented by the consistent implementation of modern survival technology, expressed in the equation:

KNOWLEDGE + ETHICS = ENERGY = LIFE

Applying knowledge and ethics will give effectiveness (energy) to our global activities. The limits of knowledge are wisdom, and the boundary of ethics is love. May clever love between people provide us with the highest effectiveness in overcoming the oncoming climate crisis. This will ensure a peaceful life for future generations.

 

Climate warming is currently under way, which causes aggression in Asia and Africa to grow due to the decline in agricultural production and deteriorating living conditions. Migration from these continents to the USA and Europe is growing. At the same time, in the G-8 countries there is the phenomenon of agricultural overproduction with a decrease in the size of the population. All this together causes the financial and economic crisis. The logic of history allows us to expect the emergence of an outstanding figure, the creator of a new order and a universal ethical system that unites humanity on the way out of the crisis. This leader will have to apply the message of Jesus Christ, who said: “Share bread for my remembrance” (Luke 22:19), because this is the love of your neighbor. If the warming continues, it will worsen the situation in the equatorial countries. There will be a wave of migration to food-rich countries. If cooling comes, it will bring a disaster for the civilization of the white man, the migration of the G-8 (or revolutions?) And a sharp global rise in food prices. In such an event the world will not survive and the situation will start to destabilize. We can not allow this.

The fruit of my thoughts is the theory that universal ethics have a physical dimension. The ability of individuals and societies to save all forms of energy, including social energy, is a measure of ethics. An effective ethical system makes the society more efficient and more dynamic. The ethical person is the man who lives at the expense of using the least amount of energy. Ethics is the art of saving energy.

The social environment arose as a form of defense against an unfavorable natural environment. The emergence of ethical systems regulating the behavior of individuals in the social environment is therefore an adjustment mechanism to the surrounding environment. The lack of an effective ethical system is therefore a sign of lack of adaptation to the environment. In other words, ethical standards needed for man are the result of reactions to the surrounding natural environment. The world we live in constantly improves us, makes us more ethical. Better people create a more and more perfect human world. Our world is developing. So probably the goal of the world is development. Ethics is the result of the evolution of the collective consciousness of people reacting to threats coming from the surrounding environment. Probably ethics, as our limitation to the social environment, will replace the less and less needed primary instincts that in the earlier stages of evolution determined our reactions to nature. The global development of a unified ethical system will remove the development barriers facing mankind and will affect the development of civilization. The growing Internet, removing barriers to access to knowledge, is a new form of collective consciousness of humanity. It is a new environment in which we learn to live. Probably in this new online environment that brings people closer, new, unified ethics will be created. Unified ethics will enable peaceful cooperation of the world community and use, thanks to the Internet, all knowledge accumulated by humanity. Skillfully used knowledge will discover new sources of energy which will open amazing perspectives to people. It will probably enable our consciousness to grow to the limits of the world. The boundaries of this world will be determined by the resources of available energy. Until we can burn up the stars and create a new world.

Warszawa-Jakuszowice 2002-2017, 3:37 Bogdan Góralski

Theory of rational action

Theory of rational action

Bogdan Góralski

Library of the Historical Institute of the University of Warsaw

Guy Sorman writes in the book entitled “Made in the USA” on page 176:

Let us remind you that according to the theory of rational action – dominant in American universities – each unit is reasonable, rational in every culture and every age. Our individual decisions would have depended on economic logic. Everyone works – or more accurately: behaves – as if he were calculating the future profits he hoped for thanks to his current behavior.

Let us consider the meaning of the above statements. Is the unit rational ??? Let’s look at the historical process and draw conclusions.

The above graph illustrates the real wheat price in Europe over the centuries. Wheat prices are an indicator of the cost of living for the people of Europe. The following chart is a picture of changes in the cost of living on the Eurasian continent:

Fig 27 Prices of cereals in China and Europe in 1738-0906 years (in grams of silver per kilogram)

The above chart comes from the following work resulting from the cooperation of many authors:
Wages, Prices, and Living Standards in China, Japan, and Europe, 1738-1925.
Robert C. Allen, University of Oxford, Nuffield College,
bob.allen@nuffield.oxford.ac.u
Nuffield College, New Road, Oxford OX1 1NF
Jean-Pascal Bassino, Maison Franco-Japonaise, Tokyo / Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, bassino@mfj.gr.jp
54Debin Ma, GRIPS / FASID Tokyo, debinma@grips.ac.jp
Christine Moll-Murata, Utrecht University, Christine.Mollmurata@let.uu.nl
Jan Luiten van Zanden, Utrecht University / International Institute for Social History,
Amsterdam, jvz@iisg.nl
Link to the above work: http://www.iisg.nl/research/jvz-wages_prices.pdf

The chart is evidence of the existence of a climate inversion between Europe and Asia. The end of the 18th and 19th Centuries had a cold and humid climate in northern Europe, and there were bad and low yields. In southern Asia (southern Europe as well), there were more favorable climatic conditions for agriculture and lower food prices. In the beginning  20th century, the nutritional crisis moved to the East (Russia and China), which is also due to climatic inversion. The phenomenon of climate inversion I described in the article entitled “Development of Europe and Asia in the Little Ice Age and its contemporary consequences.”

Both charts and analysis of the historical process prove that high food prices affect the outbreaks of the French Revolution, the Spring of Nations, the Russian Revolution, and the Chinese Revolution. What can we say in this context about the rationality of people’s reaction to the rise in food prices? The behavior for people is based on the principle: When I live well, the authorities are right, but when I am hungry, I have to change the powers. The policy of irrationality of human reactions explains the outbreaks of all revolutions. However, are destructive social behaviors rational?

Each change in the power elite entails enormous material, psychological and social costs. Revolutions make the worse functioning of the social system of states, which we see in contemporary Eurasian examples. Revolutions do not improve the existence of nations. Revolutions are not rational at all, because the revolutionary reactions of citizens are based on false premises. As food and living costs increase, the people rebel against the authorities, blaming it for the economic crisis.

Meanwhile, periodic rapid increases in food prices and the resulting economic crises are the result of climatic cycles related to solar activity. Authorities are generally without fault. Nature and our environment, and its cyclical changes are to blame.

The last 200 years have been a constant decline in global food prices. Another climate crisis is inevitably coming, which will trigger a massive increase in food prices. People around the globe will start rebelling against power. Will these protests be rational? No, because they will be based on false premises. Human knowledge about the causes of food and economic crises is nil. The gap in human knowledge about the origins of crises removes my book called “Natural history and climate change” available on the Research Gate portal and the Academia.edu portal. It will be better for the world’s elite when my book will popularize, and the masses of people will learn about the natural-revolutionary mechanism. Otherwise, who knows what will happen ???

Warszawa, dnia 17 April 2016 roku, 6:00       Bogdan Góralski   

A brief history of Poland by Bogdan Góralski

A brief history of Poland

Poland has fought for its place on the world map for centuries. The most unrelenting opponent was Tsarist Russia, which together with the Germans made Poland’s partitions. The Russian tsar was destroying Polish independent intelligentsia that was the support of the former Polish state and also Russia took over almost the entire Polish Jewish community. The course of history led to the Russian revolution, which could to transform Russian absolute system of power into a parliamentary democracy for the Russians and other nationalities.But the revolution had been dominated by the Bolshevik mafia in which the Jews were the leader, and which was a derivative of the cruel political and social system of Tsarist Russia. The Bolshevik Mafia took power in Russia thanks to the financial help of American bankers and industrialists. After coming to power, the mafia first murdered the tsarist elite, and during the forced collectivization led by Stalin, murdered 10 million of the most economically efficiency Russian peasants, which caused the collapse of Russian agriculture and difficulties in feeding Bolshevik Russia. Hitler’s approach to power was made possible by American financial assistance and the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact was the prelude to the next partition of Poland, which took place with the outbreak of World War II. The invaders was liquidating Polish intellectual elites. The murder of the of the Polish intelligentsia in Katyn and during the Soviet occupation and the annexation of agricultural property of Polish landowners was an introduction to making Poland a colony, it mean a cheap food supplier for Russia. Polish gentry and landowners would not agree to the exploitation of Poland by Bolshevik occupiers and understating prices of Polish food. Food from Poland was a salvation for the inefficient production system of Bolshevik agriculture. Therefore, it was necessary to murder the Polish pre-war elite and deprive the rest of its estates and power. Who could, have fled from the Bolshevik system and from Poland controlled by the Jewish communists. In the People’s Republic of Poland, huge subsidies for state agriculture were inefficient and Russia was mainly fed by Polish peasants.

The enormous export of food from Poland to Russia was the cause of the malnutrition of Polish society and contributed to the outbreak of the Solidarity revolution and the collapse of the Soviet system in Poland. From what was in Poland, the current circles of power were created. Nowadays, Poland is deprived of the Polish independence elite and therefore international mafias rule in our country as at home.

The last thing the present Polish authorities will do is to pay compensation for the assets taken away from the Polish independence elite during the tsarist-Bolshevik persecution. It would be an introduction to the return of millions of Poles from emigration and an introduction to the revival of the former culturally and economically strong Poland. Only such Poland and the reborn old Polish culture is needed for the world.

Jakuszowice, 27 August 2017, 7:00 Bogdan Góralski

Science and Ethics

To see what I have written on ethics, science you should go to the my ResearchGate account -link :https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bogdan_Goralski2