Causes of the fall of the Western Roman Empire

Causes of the fall of the Western Roman Empire

Author Bogdan Góralski

Library of the Historical Institute of Warsaw University

Between the birth of Christ and the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the earth’s coating shifted in relation to the ecliptic of 7000 km across the earth’s surface. There was then the seeming change in the location of the northern magnetic pole, whose movements were determined by research by:

Gullaume St-Onge and Joseph S. Stoner, Paleomagnetism near North Magnetic Field,

M. Korte and M. Mandea, Magnetic poles and dipole tilt variation over the past decades to millennia.

From the above studies it appears that the north magnetic pole has apparently moved about 7 degrees latitude (about 7,000 km) from Siberia (Lena mouth) northwest to Greenland (around the land of Francis Joseph). Associated with this seeming shift of the nort magnetic pole take place the rotation of the earth’s coating (Góralski 2017 A, B) caused that the Asian territories occupied by the Mongol tribes were in a more dry climatic zone. This led to the drought in which extincted the herds of animals owned by the Mongolian tribes. This led to migration of the Mongolian tribes towards the west and in the IV-V century they reached Europe as Huns.

At the same time, with the shifting of the earth’s coating to the south, northwestern Europe found in the period 0-400 AD in the warmer climates (like Palestine and southern Europe, where drought then caused the food crisis). This resulted in an increase in the population of the Germanic tribes and the increase in their importance in the society and the army of Rome. Then, during the period 400-500 AD, the reverse movement of the earth’s coating caused Western Europe to find itself in a colder climatic zone. This caused crop failure and hunger in the Germanic land. This resulted in their mass migration southward to the lands of the Western Roman Empire. The emergence of Huns in Europe accelerated the migration of the Germanic tribes into Rome. The Huns’ invasion of central and western Europe and the invasion of the German tribes into southern Europe caused the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

Warsaw, 18 November 2017, 18:00 Bogdan Góralski

Literature:

Góralski B, (2017A), Scheme of the climate mechanism of the Earth, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319136696_Scheme_of_the_climate_mechanism_of_the_Earth

Góralski B, (2017B), New theory of tectonic plates movement of the lithosphere of the Earth, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321010569_New_theory_of_tectonic_plates_movement_of_the_lithosphere_of_the_Earth

Conflict of systems-remarks on the reasons for global crisis

Conflict of systems-remarks on the reasons for global crisis

Acceptance in Polish culture the foreign patterns characterized Sarmatian curiosity of world. The Poles have produced a kind of culture in their geographical environment, which is adapted to the realities of our lives. Sarmatian openness to foreign cultures arising in different environments is long-standing trends in the globalization of culture of Polish society wishing to expand knowledge about the world’s culture resources. The traditions brought to Poland bring a different view on the world, which in the modern age changeing dramatically fast. Rapidly increased the population of European countries. This resulted in migration an excess of population to other continents.

A growing number of people in cities has enabled rapid development of productivity of townspeople-burgeois to meet the needs of feudal provinces. This resulted in a conflict of feudalism and capitalism.

In the feudal aristocratic society a social position depended on the number of subjects that providing taxes.

The greater the number of subjects was leasing the land the greater the wealth of lord. Therefore higher productivity of arable land resulted to the higher profits were an aristocrat. It was a system supporting population growth and increase production of agriculture. It was a system of socially distinguished.

Under capitalism the social position the townspeople-the burgeois depended on the accumulated capital. Profit at the time was increaseing when the productivity raise by reducing employment and associated costs.

These two production systems were linked in one organism feudalist state.

The crisis of an European feudalist states in the eighteenth and nineteenth century was due to climate shocks and a steep rise in food prices and rapid population growth. The political opposition accused the aristocratic elite as responsible for the downturn and has allowed to come to power bourgeois- middle classes. No account of the role of climatic factors in the causes of the agricultural crisis has resulted in rejection of the feudal system as optimal for the state of predominantly agricultural economy.

There has been a enfranchisement of the peasants and deconcentration of agricultural property. New political elite have begun to introduce the principle of profit in the cultivation of land.

This resulted in a tendency to reduce employment in agriculture and resulted in rise the share of agricultural machinery . This caused a further strengthening of the capitalists and industries associated with them producing for agriculture. The effect was to reduce the number of farmers still the basis for society. It was resulted in a growth of population in cities. Masses of people migrating from rural areas were employed in industry. The capitalist system of land cultivation and climate change have contributed to the concentration of land ownership and a further reduction in the number of people employed in agriculture.

Today in agriculture of U.S. and european industrialized countries runs about 2-3% of the number of employees which translates into a demographic and demanding crisis. Countryside does not reproduce population like they used to be and shrinking population of the city suffer from a lack of demand from rural areas. Production, fleeing from rising costs from of vanishing demand, moves to a populous Asia, where there is full of cheap labor. US and Europe have been depopulated –lack of well educated immigrants and there is no excess demand for food produced here. Expensive means of transport and complex distribution system block in the demand of food buyers in poor countries in the tropics where drought reduced the prevailing modern food production. These countries are majority of oil producers and to cover the rising costs of food imports need to increase in oil prices. This leads in turn to increased agricultural production costs causing spiral of inflation.

This closed circle has no choice but to restore the feudal system of agriculture in the U.S. and Europe based on a lease of land which would increase the village population, the increase in agricultural production, increased demand in rural areas and lower food prices which protect us against the coming cool climate. Farmers must be imported from the overcrowded African and Asian countries.

These changes begin in Poland, in a country where agriculture is the most destroyed centuries of conquest and senseless policy of the Communists. The problem arises of what to do with increasing production as a result of these changes in agricultural production?

Put the surplus of agricultural production to the starving countries and develop production of distributed energy. Biogas production is the most promising prospective branch of energy production that will ensure the absorption of surplus agricultural production providing adequate incomes for farmers. This will improve the economies and demographics of industrialized societies and will remove their development barriers. This will allow the extinguishing of the current global financial and economic crisis and the harmonious development of our civilization in the future world.

Warsaw, 23th of October 2011       Bogdan Góralski

 

Short story of religious systems versus climate changes

Short story of religious systems versus climate changes
Author Bogdan Góralski

Rys. nr 34. Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Poland in the years 750 BC to 2000AD. Earth’s gravitational-seismic-climatic-social cycle

The gravitational-seismic-climatic-social cycle presented in Fig. 34 describes the development phases of our civilization over the centuries. All great leaders and ethicians appeared in a similar phase of the material cycle (Asian ethics appeared in the reverse phase, which is explainable and in line with my theory as a result of climatic inversion between West and East Eurasia), which was the result of subsequent climate crises defined by cyclical changes geometry of the solar system.
Each cycle had a similar scenario of natural and social events and a similar ethical-ideological system each time expanding the social base of the revolution. The crisis of the material world, which began to grow, according to the logic of history in the 21st century, will also emerge a new, universal ethical system – new ideas that will probably include the entire global community.

The first known ethical system originated in Egypt and was recorded in the 42 commandments of the goddess Maat. It was an expression of the development of the social system of a prosperous state in the rhythm of the Nile’s outbreaks. A derivative of Egyptian ethics was the ethical system of Moses, educated in Egypt. Asian ethicists appeared at the end of the period of overpopulation and global warming and drying because the numerical growth of Asian societies was rapid during the period of good hydration of Asia and led to a socio-economic crisis resulting from overpopulation. Asian societies have reached a critical population density forcing a new ethical system to regulate social relations. In the sixth century BC is the peak of China’s power. The beginnings of building the Chinese wall for defense against Mongol invasions, significant territorial development in the north and south, population growth to 25 million, are examples of this power.

Great Greek colonization in the period of VIII-VI centuries BC It proves that during this period in Greece, and in the equatorial world, environmental conditions conducive to population growth prevailed. These data allow us to suppose that in the eighth-seventh century BC. the population of the equatorial world is increasing. After a period of population growth, the climate is drastically dry (a decrease in the number of earthquakes in the 7 th century BC, see Fig. No. 34) causing overpopulation and conflicts. This results in the almost simultaneous emergence of Buddha’s ethical systems, Lao Tsego, Confucius, which prevent the emergence of social conflicts in the overpopulated India and China.

The phase of earthquake growth in the period 200 years before Christ is accompanied by a large amount of rainfall. This is confirmed by research (Lamb 1977: 426-427 graphs 17.1 and 17.2) of Nile floods, as well as floods and wet years in Rome. These studies indicate a strong humidification of the climate of Africa in the region of Egypt and the climate of Italy at that time. It promotes the growth of agricultural production and the resulting good supply of food to the population. During the reign of Herod the Great (73-4 BC), Palestine’s prosperous economic development continues, as evidenced by the development of cities and the richness of the ruler. This is an indication of a large population (Theissen 2004: 60). The abundance of food is conducive to population growth in well-watered areas. After the period of growth of the Palestinian population, there is a rapid global warming and drying of the climate from the 0-10 AD (Bao et al 2002, Kobashi et al.2011, Lamb 1977: 426-427), which reduced agricultural production and food supply , causing overpopulation of Palestine.

The rapid socio-economic crisis resulting from drought (Lamb 1977: 426-427 graphs 17.1 and 17.2) caused frustrations of the population (especially rural), which was looking for a way out of the crisis. The socially rooted groups tested various ways out of the crisis. The starving rural masses needed a plan of action to alleviate the supply problems common at that time. Many leaders appear, among them Jesus Christ, who has a plan of anti-crisis action. He creates his own communes (Acts of the Apostles describe several thousand people (Bible 1998: Acts 2:41, 4,4)) acting like communes. In order to join them, you must give all your possessions. Municipalities, efficiently managing the riches offered, constituted protection against hunger and lawlessness prevailing then in Palestine. There were numerous gangs of brigands at that time. Many farmers were hopelessly in debt (Johnson 1993: 146). Christ feeding the masses of the poor becomes a threatening leader of the crowds. His economic and social program is radical and unacceptable to the then Judei- Romans and pro-Roman elites. Christ, the leader of a peaceful peasant movement, was killed and further Jewish protests against Roman oppression did not have a charismatic leader.

In the first century BC until the 1st century AD there was a strong density of farms in Judea and Samaria. This testifies to the climatic conditions conducive to the shredding of farms – good hydration during the first century BC. The violent drought at the beginning of the first century AD caused the collapse of these small farms and the crisis situation. The uprising in Palestine in the years 66-74 is a social rebellion against the rich. Rebellion began with the burning of the Rome tax registration offices in Jerusalem (Sartre 1991: 403). The cataclysm of Jewish uprisings revealed ongoing overpopulation, and their consequence was the destruction of the country. There was a mass migration of Jews.

Since the beginning of the 7th century AD, there has been a strong global warming – signaled by a drop in the number of earthquakes, which in turn caused the transfer of civilization centers from the Middle East to, among others, colder Europe and Mesopotamia. Warming and drought caused regression in the development of equatorial populations. Overpopulation occurred on the Arabian Peninsula before the victory of Muhammad. The population growth probably took place in the fourth, fifth and sixth centuries AD during cooling and increased climate irrigation, parallel to the decline of the Western Roman Empire, to which barbarian tribes from northern, overpopulated regions migrated (barbarian populations in the north probably increased in the II and III centuries) because of unfavorable weather conditions. Under the pressure of this great barbaric exodus to the south, the western Roman Empire collapsed. At the time of the economic crisis of the Western Roman Empire, was the triumph of the socially and economically well-organised Christian communities was celebrated, which led to the success of Christianity and the consolidation of their power. The Eastern Roman Empire prospered in the meantime.

The escalation of aggression and fratricidal struggle on the Arabian peninsula prompted Muhammad to reflect on the causes of this state of affairs. Muhammad rejected the social order proposed by the old elite, introduced a new religious community- the umma, the obligation of alms – the redistribution of goods to the poor. Fighting with other leaders, he united all Arab tribes. He broke with the family system. However, his economic program could not remedy the overpopulation (Hrbek, Petráček 1971: 139-140), which is why later the war expansion of the Arabs took place. It was possible because in the seventh century the power of the Roman Empire decreased, and the strength of Arabs united by the ethical system created by Muhammad increased. Warming and drought since the 7th century caused regression in the development of equatorial populations and their displacement towards the north, while societies in the northern hemisphere began to civilize develop in warm climate.

In favorable conditions of the warm climate (the third so-called subatlantic period(Samsonowicz 1990: 8)) there was a dynamic development of European civilization, development of the state organization of Germanic and Slavic tribes.

The population of Europe grew from 1700, but bad weather and population growth in the 17th and 18th centuries worsened the situation of England and France. England, however, had a security vent in the form of emigration to the colony. The feeding of French society has deteriorated since 1700 (Livi-Bacci 1991: 82). The French saved themselves from hunger by establishing several hundred thousand small farms (Taine 1881: 337). Before the French Revolution there was a significant cooling of the climate (Bradley, Jones 1993), which brought France high prices of food (Góralski 2012: 28), famine and the outbreak of the revolution. The revolution lasted, and the problems of overpopulation did not pass because of the further cooling of the climate. Another revolutionary leader, Napoleon, led the French to conquer Europe, which solved the problem of the surplus of single men who had no conditions in France to establish a family in those days.

Since 1815, the climate has warmed and dried, which means that the population of Europe grew in the 19th century from 203 to 408 million and in 1950 to 547 million. There has been a huge increase in the German and Russian population. Russia and Germany at the beginning of the 20th century were heavily overcrowded and this led to the catastrophic development of totalitarian systems centralizing communities around new leaders. Overpopulation, masculinization of the population, high prices of food caused by the cooling of the climate in the early twentieth century (Góralski 2012: 8) and the inability to resolve peacefully food and economic problems caused the First World War, the Russian Revolution and the war expansion of communist Russia directed to Western Europe in 1920 ( Góralski 2012). World War II was a consequence of the First World War and the conditions of the Versailles Treaty and the short cooling of the climate. The high price of food in China at the beginning of the 20th century caused the Chinese revolution, which later used Marxism caused the collapse of the importance of landowners who had previously taken over most of the arable land.

From 1960 to 1990, during the short-term cooling and moistening of the climate (see Figure 30), the population of Africa grew from 282 to 637 million, and the Chinese population grew rapidly from 583 million in 1953 to 1008 million in 1982. At that time, In the northern hemisphere there have been economic difficulties as a result of cooling and dropping agricultural production, which led, among others, to to the collapse of the Soviet empire and almost revolution in China (Gang 2001: 37-38, Gawlikowski 2001: 388). The revolution in China broke out because of the huge population growth and food price rises, and it consisted in resolving peasant communes and assigning land to individual families. This has resulted in a huge increase in agricultural production and China’s current self-sufficiency in nutrition.

Fig. No. 35. World seismic activity characterized by earthquakes magnitude M = 7 and higher in the years 1900-2005 (five-year periods). Source (Góralski 2009). (author of the drawing Bogdan Góralski)
Chart Fig. 35 confirms the occurrence of cooling in the 60-90.XX century because it is accompanied by an increase in the number of significant earthquakes.

Currently, the warming continues (the number of earthquakes has decreased), which causes aggression in Asia and Africa to grow, aggression due to the decline in per capita agricultural production in young male populations (with a predominance of male individuals) and deteriorating living conditions resulting from the increase in global food prices. Migration from these continents to the USA and Europe is growing. At the same time, in the G-8 countries there is the phenomenon of agricultural overproduction with a decrease in the size of the population. For this overproduction there is no profitable sale due to the misery of the rest global population. All this together causes the financial and economic crisis. The logic of history allows us to expect the emergence of an outstanding figure, the creator of a new order and a universal ethical system that will unite humanity on the way out of the crisis. This leader will have to apply the message of Jesus Christ, who said: “Share bread for my remembrance” (Bible 1998: Luke 22:19) and love your enemies, because this is the love of your neighbor.

If the warming continues, it will worsen the situation in the equatorial countries. There will be a wave of migration to food-rich countries (in 2011 there was a wave of riots and revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East caused by food prices resulting from the cooling of global climate in 2010: see: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/ graphs_v3 / Fig.C.gif). If cooling comes, it will bring disaster (reduction of food production) for the civilization of the white man, migration from the G-8 (or revolutions?) And a sharp further increase in population in the equatorial countries. In such an event the world will not survive and the situation will start to destabilize. We can not allow this.

Warsaw, 2009, Translated into English 29 January 2018 Bogdan Góralski

We are in the alley of our history

Bogdan Góralski

bogdangoralski@wp.pl

I am only a librarian in the Library of the Historical Institute of the University of Warsaw, but my readings in historical literature and broad general knowledge allow me to speak about the secrets of the historical process. We are biological organisms and the variability of the natural environment determines our behavior. Revolutions occurring in different parts of our world are caused by regional climate changes, which I describe in my work on climate. Revolutions are always caused by a regional, sometimes global, food shortage that is causing contestation over the existing social order. Groups of contestants come from the persecuted before the revolution of the social strata and as a result of the revolution often overthrow the dominant elites and take over power. Often there is a radical social revolution such as during the French Revolution. The feudal elite was abolished and a new economic and social order was introduced. It consisted in deconcentration of feudal agricultural property and the creation of hundreds of thousands (or perhaps millions) of peasant farms in its place.

The French Revolution was triggered by a climate crisis and food shortages, whose prices skyrocketed before the revolution. The decentralization of feudal agricultural property in France caused mainly by the rise in food prices began the process of enfranchisement of the peasants, which continued in the rest of the continent and reached Russia. Car announced the enfranchisement of Russian peasants, which also included Polish peasants. Poland was under partition and had to execute the orders of the occupying forces, but the Polish nobility were largely opposed to enfranchisement (emancipation of peasants), arguing with the peasant ignorance. Unfortunately, the enfranchisement has become a fact that still casts on history not only in Poland. Peasants gained land for their property but inexorable market processes and cheap food since the French Revolution have led to a re-concentration of agricultural property throughout the western world, and in place of tens of millions of peasant farms large agricultural property have emerged.

In the next few years, we expect another sharp rise in food prices, which will cause worldwide protests. The only advice is to bring about a re-decentralization of Western agricultural lands and to double the world’s food production. The problem is where to get enough farmers for such an operation. Farmers can only be obtained from the feudal countries of Asia and from Africa. This action can only succeed with the reintroduction of the feudal system in Western farming, the same farming system that was rejected by the French Revolution. So I propose to return to the old days, which only historians know. Ancient ancient powers, Rome and Byzantium, knew of the dangers of concentration and deconcentration in farming. Turkey, the heir of Byzantium, has currently the optimum system of farming and we must rely on it. Let’s go back to the past and upgrade it to the achievements of the last 300 years.

Warsaw, 12 September 2017 roku, godzina 17:30 Bogdan Góralski

 

A brief history of Poland by Bogdan Góralski

A brief history of Poland

Poland has fought for its place on the world map for centuries. The most unrelenting opponent was Tsarist Russia, which together with the Germans made Poland’s partitions. The Russian tsar was destroying Polish independent intelligentsia that was the support of the former Polish state and also Russia took over almost the entire Polish Jewish community. The course of history led to the Russian revolution, which could to transform Russian absolute system of power into a parliamentary democracy for the Russians and other nationalities.But the revolution had been dominated by the Bolshevik mafia in which the Jews were the leader, and which was a derivative of the cruel political and social system of Tsarist Russia. The Bolshevik Mafia took power in Russia thanks to the financial help of American bankers and industrialists. After coming to power, the mafia first murdered the tsarist elite, and during the forced collectivization led by Stalin, murdered 10 million of the most economically efficiency Russian peasants, which caused the collapse of Russian agriculture and difficulties in feeding Bolshevik Russia. Hitler’s approach to power was made possible by American financial assistance and the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact was the prelude to the next partition of Poland, which took place with the outbreak of World War II. The invaders was liquidating Polish intellectual elites. The murder of the of the Polish intelligentsia in Katyn and during the Soviet occupation and the annexation of agricultural property of Polish landowners was an introduction to making Poland a colony, it mean a cheap food supplier for Russia. Polish gentry and landowners would not agree to the exploitation of Poland by Bolshevik occupiers and understating prices of Polish food. Food from Poland was a salvation for the inefficient production system of Bolshevik agriculture. Therefore, it was necessary to murder the Polish pre-war elite and deprive the rest of its estates and power. Who could, have fled from the Bolshevik system and from Poland controlled by the Jewish communists. In the People’s Republic of Poland, huge subsidies for state agriculture were inefficient and Russia was mainly fed by Polish peasants.

The enormous export of food from Poland to Russia was the cause of the malnutrition of Polish society and contributed to the outbreak of the Solidarity revolution and the collapse of the Soviet system in Poland. From what was in Poland, the current circles of power were created. Nowadays, Poland is deprived of the Polish independence elite and therefore international mafias rule in our country as at home.

The last thing the present Polish authorities will do is to pay compensation for the assets taken away from the Polish independence elite during the tsarist-Bolshevik persecution. It would be an introduction to the return of millions of Poles from emigration and an introduction to the revival of the former culturally and economically strong Poland. Only such Poland and the reborn old Polish culture is needed for the world.

Jakuszowice, 27 August 2017, 7:00 Bogdan Góralski

Science and Ethics

To see what I have written on ethics, science you should go to the my ResearchGate account -link :https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bogdan_Goralski2