The global economic difference between Europe and Asia 1600-1860, 1860-2020 versus climate inversion.
Autor: Bogdan Góralski,
Library of Historical Institute of Warsaw University.
If we look at the world globally, we see phenomena that are close to invisible. These phenomena shape our lives more that we see in our little human perspective.
Our perspective is prolonged, first for the 30 years of life expectancy, then more and more until today 80-100 years. At the same time, we increase the knowledge accumulated in our civilization, which enables the time overview of the geophysical processes.
Phenomena, about which I write, last for hundreds of years and only now (from today’s perspective) they present an insight into the past reveals their impact on our present life and its culture. Today we know that the universe surrounds us, the Milky Way galaxy, the solar system, and they all affect our lives imperceptibly shaping them.
Sun, the star which provides us with life’s energy, affects the physical environment of the Earth and creates our reality. The metallic core of the Earth is the center of Earth’s magnetic field and is subject to the solar cycle.
From 1500 until 1860, the North magnetic pole moves to the direction from North to South of the geographic pole on the distance of over 3000 km (St-Onge, G, and JS Stoner. 2011). The apparent daily movement of the North Magnetic Pole reaches a length of 8,5km (Starcevic 2008).
It probably means that the coating of the Earth together with the northern hemisphere has tilted outward from the sun(over a liquid nucleus), as it happens during the winter season in the northern hemisphere. It was simultaneously cooling itself the climate of the north hemisphere (what was called the Little Ice Age) and increasing in seismic activity of the Earth (Góralski 2013:291 Figure 34). It was happening simultaneously with long-term decreased solar activity, measured the number of sunspots, i.e., the Maunder and Dalton Minimum.
Cooling the climate in Europe was accompanied by an increased amount of precipitation (Wirth et al., 2013), whose variability is associated with cyclical astronomical phenomena in the solar system. Cyclic astronomical phenomena are systems of planets that interfere with the activity of the sun, creating the appearance that the Sun and its perturbations are the cause of geophysical changes on Earth.
At the same time in Tibet (Li, X., Liang, JI., Hou, J. and Zhang, W., 2015), we have a period of reduced precipitation, which is due to climatic inversion shaping the Earth’s climate. Changes in the amount of rainfall in Tibet describes the trend of rain across southern and central Asia. Inversion it consists in the fact that with the phases of the cold climate and rainfall in Europe is simultaneous drought in the south, east and central Asia, which is associated shifted north ( in the area of southern Asia) zone of precipitation ITCZ- intertropical convergence zone (Wirth et al. 2013).
Earth’s magnetic field is dependent on the Sun’s magnetic field, which is variable. I accept the assumption that the intense grip Sun’s magnetic field determines the relatively fixed position of the Earth’s core, which is the center of Earth’s magnetic field. The change in the location of the nucleus is affected by the solar wind. The rest of the globe revolves around the stable nucleus, which is reflected by apparent movements of the north magnetic pole around the geographic north pole.
Such a move of the globe around the metallic core of the Earth is possible because the outer core is fluid. The high-temperature interior the Earth probably comes from the friction between the Earth’s coating and the core of the Earth. The coating of Earth is moved by the gravitational forces of the solar system. The gravitational interaction of the solar system causes a continuous cyclic movement of Earth’s coating and changes in Earth’s spin axis so that the center of mass of the globe is continuously changing its position.
Changes in Earth’s coating location causes movement of climatic zones earth’s atmosphere over the coating, which moves relative to the ecliptic, what changes the positions of the atmosphere and hydrosphere zones over the Earth’s surface. Changes in the Earth’s coating position resulting from the movement of the center of gravity of the Solar System superimposed on nutation, the precession of the Earth’s axis, and changes in the Earth’s orbital parameters as it described Milutin Milankowić. Supplementing the description of the Earth’s climate mechanism is provided in the book entitled “ The new look at the Earth’s climate mechanism and the Cosmo-geophysical system of the Earth” published in google Books.
Why European economy developed in the seventeenth to the nineteenth century, the economy of Asia not?
The development of the economies of Europe and Asia resulted from the historical mechanism dependent on the climatic conditions of the Little Ice Age. At the end of the eighteenth century, in Europe, there was vast inflation of money linked to the massive hike in food prices (Góralski 2014 127 Figure 13). After reaching a peak, from 1850, the costs of food began to decline, because of productive agriculture as a result of the enfranchisement of the peasants. Since then, the agriculture small ownership subjected to a process of concentration of land ownership as a result of declining food prices.
The result was a decline in employment in agriculture resulting from improving from year to year climatic conditions in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The reduction of jobs in agriculture with the increasing mechanization of agricultural production caused shift workforce released from agriculture to the emerging European industry. Demand for production of the European industry was due to the rapid growth of the European population, the concentration of agricultural property, the expansion of Europe to the new colony, declining food prices, and the growing consumption of industrial goods, which got cheaper in volume production.
Rapid European population growth and the consequent deterioration of its life conditions influenced the creation of European colonies. The result was to improve conditions for the development of the European industry and the enrichment of overseas countries colonizers by enlarging markets for European goods. It was possible thanks to a favorable trade between Europe and the colonies. The tradition of production of cotton clothes in India, Asia, was exploited by European colonialists and importers who expanded sales of Indian cotton clothes throughout the world.
The Europeans paid in gold and silver for the Indian, Asian cotton clothing, which influenced the development of cotton production in India and throughout Asia. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries on the African market increased the volume of trade in Indian clothes. The Indian garments were slowly replaced the factory cotton clothes manufactured in England (Parthasarathi P.2011 25). African buyers were paying to European intermediaries for the cotton clothing by selling the slaves needed in the European colonies. The growing slave trade and strong demand for clothing demonstrate the increase of the African population in those centuries. Inversion of the climate bringing Europe cold and wet weather in XVII-XIX centuries also brought heavy rainfall in Central Africa (as evidenced by the indication Nilometru (Basurah, HM,2005) and the abundance of food that causes population growth.
Inversion of the climate since around the year 1600 in Europe initially causes a decrease in food production and migration to other continents as well as the crisis of religious wars and the French Revolution. The climatic conditions gradually improved as contrasted with drought in Asia, what resulted in the increase of a good harvest of cotton, because cotton requires a climate of warm, dry and that was the basis for Indian exports of clothing. Due to the high global demand for cotton clothing, which brought considerable profits to producers and processors of cotton, probably occurred in India, the need for small plots of farmland that gave the farmer a reasonable return sufficient to maintain, affecting the deconcentration of agricultural property.
The free workforce of Indian society shifted to agriculture, which caused shortages of productive forces in the craft and industry. This was the beginning of the seventeenth century. From about 1750 British factories increased production of cotton clothing, which gradually replaced the Indian clothing in the world market (Parthasarathi P., 2011: 25). At the same time, the colonizers grow cotton plantations in the European colonies. The result was the deindustrialization of India, as the predominant productive forces were engaged in agriculture and concentrated on the production of cotton and its processing. The drop in demand for Indian clothing (from AD 1750) caused the crisis of the Indian economy and the crisis in Asia.
The next was an inversion of the climate of Europe and Asia, as is evidenced by the apparent movement of the magnetic pole to the north around 1860 to 2020. The northern hemisphere has moved toward the Sun and North America and Europe, and there has been global warming, central Africa returned to the drought and monsoons began to irrigate lands of South Asia. India regained independence in 1947 what allowed the action to break the monoculture of cotton, and the India economy began to grow, which contributed to the growth of the Asian economy and the liberation of Asia from European domination. Unfortunately, the remaining traces of the activities of Europeans in the marketplace and lack of industry is still felt in the Asian reality. Asian agricultural society rapidly developing industry utilizing an excess of the workforce and slowly displace, thanks to low labor costs, European industrial production from the world market.
It was possible thanks to the favorable climatic conditions in the XX century in Asia, which began to deteriorate recently. The Asian monsoon is weakening, reflecting the upcoming climate inversion. Is coming, a further minimum of solar activity, which will shift climate zones of the Earth in such a way that Europe will experience the cold and rain and Asia and North Africa will be affected by drought. It is associated with movements ITCZ- intertropical Convergence Zone, changing its position in the rhythm of the magnetic activity of the Sun. ITCZ zone is characterized by abundant rainfall. In the cold phase of the Holocene, ITCZ was located south of the Indian subcontinent (Wirth et al. 2013).
The upcoming inversion of the global climate will cause socio-political tension and economic crisis and is likely to reinforce global migration. Will be an Increase in seismic activity of the Earth, which correlates in Europe with a cool and humid climate. I described it together with countermeasures in the Polish book entitled “Historia naturalna i zmiany klimatu”, available on the Internet in Google Books.
Warsaw, 2015 Bogdan Góralski
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